19.3 Population by sex and by activity status

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Country Activity status 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Male
Austria Employed iv iv iv 2 061 500 2 095 200 2 147 800 2 208 600 2 222 100 2 185 400 2 197 400 2 227 800
Unemployed iv iv iv 97 800 107 900 97 100 89 700 82 000 114 100 104 800 93 000
Economically inactive, of which: iv iv iv 1 090 300 1 084 800 1 077 900 1 051 400 1 069 300 1 094 300 1 110 900 1 116 600
   – on maternity leave iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
   – student iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
   – pensioner iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
   – other inactive iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
Bulgaria Employed 1 408 600 1 438 100 1 500 000 1 550 700 1 591 400 1 652 800 1 731 500 1 792 900 1 732 300 1 608 300 1 536 300
Unemployed 364 300 327 700 246 100 221 600 182 500 156 400 120 700 103 900 130 100 196 300 215 700
Economically inactive, of which: 1 497 000 1 483 900 1 458 200 1 434 800 1 428 600 1 383 700 1 332 100 1 277 100 1 294 000 1 327 500 1 347 200
   – on maternity leave iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – student iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – pensioner iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – other inactive iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
Hungary Employed 2 113 641 2 112 565 2 126 488 2 117 325 2 116 112 2 137 350 2 143 047 2 110 810 2 044 873 2 022 648 2 057 314
Unemployed 142 415 137 993 138 473 136 764 159 135 164 617 164 177 174 282 233 584 264 451 253 250
Economically inactive, of which: 1 447 946 1 450 298 1 426 466 1 426 935 1 409 663 1 385 522 1 385 951 1 403 468 1 406 189 1 397 996 1 376 032
   – on child care leave 4 347 5 037 4 652 4 856 6 293 3 968 3 825 4 750 4 597 4 594 3 783
   – student 352 199 369 254 368 045 371 202 377 736 404 066 412 270 408 233 410 789 410 156 399 629
   – pensioner 855 992 850 400 831 355 821 569 806 884 797 968 801 980 810 327 792 401 787 658 759 201
   – other inactive 235 409 225 606 222 414 229 309 218 750 179 520 167 875 180 158 198 402 195 588 213 418
Italy Employed 13 439 322 13 569 637 13 575 936 13 621 530 13 737 852 13 939 449 14 056 827 14 063 553 13 789 225 13 634 014 13 618 641
Unemployed 998 602 946 512 936 813 924 809 902 407 800 703 722 427 820 398 1 000 377 1 113 680 1 114 320
Economically inactive, of which: i i i 7 660 580 7 871 208 7 921 026 7 978 659 8 036 166 8 190 144 8 235 458 8 287 705
   – on child care leave i i i 41 672 38 264 40 261 45 930 46 146 64 091 72 256 85 162
   – student i i i 1 802 871 1 888 896 1 909 694 1 947 649 1 940 348 1 997 683 2 010 758 2 039 298
   – pensioner i i i 5 816 037 5 944 048 5 971 071 5 985 080 6 049 672 6 128 370 6 152 444 6 163 245
   – other inactive 8 810 234 8 779 446 8 961 449 1 515 214 1 487 068 1 494 014 1 591 955 1 623 071 1 730 671 1 838 915 1 909 634
Romania Employed 5 581 140 5 031 534 5 056 735 4 980 037 5 011 211 5 073 940 5 116 296 5 157 443 5 100 479 5 111 450 5 026 053
Unemployed 413 873 494 076 408 006 490 796 420 318 452 406 398 671 369 227 423 756 436 707 431 419
Economically inactive, of which: 4 687 936 5 127 752 5 152 238 5 110 887 5 121 085 5 001 819 4 988 930 4 957 592 4 940 781 4 894 461 4 950 556
   – on maternity leave iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
   – student 802 833 800 174 823 435 777 853 841 593 823 373 810 209 778 130 772 349 799 658 781 675
   – pensioner 1 776 546 2 258 628 2 424 936 2 229 332 2 301 647 2 316 038 2 350 058 2 383 145 2 513 869 2 657 702 2 726 965
   – other inactive 2 108 556 2 068 949 1 903 868 2 103 701 1 977 845 1 862 408 1 828 662 1 796 317 1 654 563 1 437 101 1 441 916
Serbia Employed i i i 1 708 857 1 634 988 1 554 674 1 545 758 1 611 315 1 486 109 1 372 761 1 304 994
Unemployed i i i 258 924 280 736 271 723 290 976 274 566 282 718 290 454 282 034
Economically inactive, of which: i i i 2 038 374 2 149 269 2 367 039 2 279 983 2 092 029 2 247 060 2 416 813 2 512 261
   – on maternity leave i i i 1 102 326 1 153 892 1 257 203 1 238 217 1 201 375 1 280 185 1 349 348 1 344 623
   – student i i i i i i i i i i i
   – pensioner i i i 303 209 329 784 339 848 289 803 217 530 257 873 309 441 376 823
   – other inactive i i i 632 839 665 594 769 987 751 962 673 123 709 001 758 024 790 815
Slovakia Employed 1 145 307 1 156 523 1 176 478 1 193 294 1 232 808 1 290 649 1 321 169 1 363 248 1 325 879 1 283 959 1 309 804
Unemployed 282 480 263 861 246 419 249 896 223 634 179 505 143 498 124 619 170 413 212 636 204 850
Economically inactive, of which: 587 970 593 460 597 815 607 812 601 362 602 851 607 986 603 663 611 853 620 624 613 387
   – on maternity leave (2 080) (2 551) (1 627) (1 912) (743) (973) (325) (206) (384) (668) (1 133)
   – student 195 914 207 841 222 875 228 649 237 864 234 318 230 069 234 860 239 091 238 406 224 843
   – pensioner 328 079 320 361 314 386 313 922 321 983 330 437 335 779 333 306 338 565 349 269 355 964
   – other inactive 61 897 62 707 58 927 63 329 40 772 37 123 41 813 35 291 33 813 32 281 31 447
Slovenia Employed 496 694 491 930 487 805 510 581 513 312 520 262 535 817 540 536 526 944 520 494 503 196
Unemployed 31 035 31 149 33 284 32 123 33 526 27 122 22 482 22 781 33 476 42 055 45 186
Economically inactive, of which: 256 472 264 588 269 312 250 461 246 373 248 049 244 838 252 464 252 729 251 057 262 289
   – on maternity leave 262 311 142 313 629 681 837 1 220 809 1 101 604
   – student 79 705 84 381 86 870 78 128 69 631 69 553 64 440 65 187 63 737 66 432 72 116
   – pensioner 122 890 146 500 150 586 140 700 133 380 131 828 139 751 147 426 142 932 138 778 151 420
   – other inactive 53 877 33 708 31 857 31 633 43 362 46 668 40 647 39 851 46 060 45 846 38 753
Female
Austria Employed iv iv iv 1 682 400 1 729 200 1 780 700 1 819 300 1 867 900 1 892 300 1 899 000 1 916 000
Unemployed iv iv iv 96 700 100 000 98 600 95 800 80 500 90 100 83 400 86 000
Economically inactive, of which: iv iv iv 1 723 800 1 699 300 1 676 900 1 663 900 1 651 600 1 633 400 1 649 500 1 648 200
   – on maternity leave iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
   – student iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
   – pensioner iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
   – other inactive iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
Bulgaria Employed 1 290 300 1 301 700 1 334 000 1 371 500 1 388 700 1 457 200 1 521 100 1 567 800 1 521 300 1 444 500 1 413 300
Unemployed 299 600 264 700 203 000 178 200 151 600 149 300 119 500 95 800 107 900 151 700 156 600
Economically inactive, of which: 1 918 800 1 923 300 1 936 500 1 922 700 1 931 300 1 859 700 1 815 900 1 779 300 1 799 300 1 809 100 1 803 300
   – on maternity leave iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – student iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – pensioner iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – other inactive iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
Hungary Employed 1 754 634 1 758 061 1 795 419 1 783 065 1 785 385 1 792 725 1 783 143 1 768 625 1 737 018 1 758 587 1 754 633
Unemployed 91 694 100 818 106 010 116 134 144 720 152 132 147 776 154 866 187 099 210 306 214 631
Economically inactive, of which: 2 222 044 2 202 464 2 152 058 2 140 956 2 107 456 2 089 410 2 095 310 2 098 145 2 080 953 2 032 447 2 019 818
   – on child care leave 282 287 281 890 282 253 277 916 272 508 255 471 263 709 275 394 274 383 262 925 277 113
   – student 363 343 366 824 362 828 368 653 367 011 406 791 420 280 411 423 403 863 404 462 394 801
   – pensioner 1 185 889 1 168 346 1 144 202 1 129 905 1 120 677 1 118 975 1 118 094 1 113 865 1 098 131 1 074 575 1 035 133
   – other inactive 390 525 385 404 362 776 364 481 347 260 308 172 293 227 297 462 304 575 290 485 312 771
Italy Employed 8 525 615 8 670 915 8 713 318 8 782 901 8 824 977 9 048 767 9 165 010 9 341 136 9 235 767 9 238 315 9 348 602
Unemployed 1 174 654 1 111 180 1 113 672 1 035 584 986 157 872 709 783 613 871 514 944 512 988 709 993 462
Economically inactive, of which: i i i 13 925 173 14 249 406 14 266 937 14 349 778 14 373 735 14 629 422 14 662 936 14 689 476
   – on child care leave i i i 7 995 193 7 985 275 7 906 031 8 021 108 7 887 361 7 980 036 7 851 951 7 805 878
   – student i i i 1 996 644 2 075 289 2 102 059 2 150 524 2 127 098 2 171 776 2 191 936 2 206 536
   – pensioner i i i 3 933 336 4 188 842 4 258 847 4 178 146 4 359 276 4 477 610 4 619 049 4 677 062
   – other inactive 15 492 799 15 462 838 15 573 123 1 872 673 1 803 043 1 819 431 1 904 485 1 826 525 1 794 518 1 859 177 1 858 041
Romania Employed 4 858 641 4 202 643 4 165 773 4 177 581 4 135 361 4 239 327 4 237 030 4 211 678 4 142 978 4 127 940 4 111 683
Unemployed 297 426 351 197 283 749 308 730 284 144 275 965 242 271 206 320 256 928 288 443 298 798
Economically inactive, of which: 6 022 679 6 606 936 6 686 663 6 624 259 6 669 070 6 553 832 6 568 142 6 614 274 6 619 367 6 587 741 6 565 597
   – on maternity leave iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
   – student 840 745 846 036 865 470 824 538 865 248 843 911 797 866 802 258 776 724 791 299 785 209
   – pensioner 2 396 999 2 870 056 3 077 255 2 844 359 2 970 565 2 981 477 3 241 501 3 362 453 3 372 645 3 437 196 3 478 351
   – other inactive 2 784 935 2 890 843 2 743 939 2 955 362 2 833 257 2 728 443 2 528 778 2 449 562 2 469 997 2 359 246 2 302 036
Serbia Employed i i i 1 221 988 1 098 424 1 076 017 1 109 979 1 210 408 1 130 327 1 023 482 948 215
Unemployed i i i 362 227 390 097 353 176 295 669 227 853 245 109 259 282 294 321
Economically inactive, of which: i i i 1 786 652 1 848 816 1 931 381 1 877 206 1 881 845 1 950 724 2 003 573 2 028 586
   – on maternity leave i i i i i i i i i i i
   – student i i i 311 363 321 492 301 301 294 399 302 409 296 296 310 156 305 692
   – pensioner i i i 687 907 765 237 824 563 848 289 830 595 873 748 934 130 1 010 483
   – other inactive i i i 787 382 762 087 805 517 734 518 748 841 780 680 759 287 712 411
Slovakia Employed 977 658 970 179 987 269 976 178 982 774 1 010 154 1 035 433 1 069 659 1 039 647 1 032 498 1 041 167
Unemployed 225 500 223 025 212 749 230 848 203 807 173 889 148 350 132 840 152 793 176 219 163 051
Economically inactive, of which: 932 842 930 886 934 657 963 266 983 476 989 945 990 496 982 404 1 000 195 995 211 1 012 728
   – on maternity leave 110 770 106 669 105 123 115 179 112 621 114 250 92 493 91 526 90 152 87 742 95 722
   – student 203 074 216 119 231 904 230 458 239 450 242 190 241 344 253 017 258 076 256 184 254 980
   – pensioner 539 489 524 469 516 198 527 932 534 148 538 890 535 821 523 157 529 100 525 738 531 423
   – other inactive 79 509 83 629 81 432 89 697 97 257 94 615 120 838 114 704 122 867 125 547 130 603
Slovenia Employed 414 891 413 268 405 937 427 660 431 403 435 243 442 350 450 708 446 558 439 976 427 699
Unemployed 31 537 30 515 31 226 31 649 32 998 34 151 28 001 23 162 27 890 33 603 38 439
Economically inactive, of which: 347 205 349 645 359 830 341 030 333 457 329 358 328 204 323 644 320 190 323 679 329 934
   – on maternity leave 12 498 11 357 10 872 12 869 16 036 16 360 16 998 17 398 20 155 18 098 16 377
   – student 87 958 92 990 97 214 86 518 76 079 74 697 72 105 67 723 68 761 69 547 76 037
   – pensioner 157 598 199 406 207 839 203 513 188 110 191 505 197 613 200 481 188 968 194 287 205 321
   – other inactive 101 649 57 249 54 777 51 000 69 268 63 155 58 487 55 440 62 461 59 845 48 577

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