19.4 Population by age group and by activity status

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Country Activity status 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
15–34
Austria Employed iv iv iv 1 405 700 1 407 200 1 418 000 1 435 200 1 449 600 1 433 400 1 415 000 1 442 300
Unemployed iv iv iv 101 000 111 100 99 600 96 100 87 500 108 700 103 100 92 000
Economically inactive, of which: iv iv iv 584 200 577 200 577 900 561 500 556 800 552 200 573 700 562 900
   – on maternity leave iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
   – student iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
   – pensioner iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
   – other inactive iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
Bulgaria Employed 894 100 905 200 927 300 932 000 941 600 965 300 980 500 999 800 931 000 827 600 766 200
Unemployed 308 900 279 700 206 800 181 200 146 100 132 100 96 800 82 700 97 400 142 200 154 400
Economically inactive, of which: 1 011 600 1 030 900 1 011 300 993 100 990 600 940 900 899 700 859 300 860 300 840 000 831 400
   – on maternity leave iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – student iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – pensioner iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – other inactive iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
Hungary Employed 1 503 177 1 483 397 1 466 910 1 425 149 1 408 264 1 421 698 1 400 994 1 369 674 1 292 705 1 247 510 1 240 924
Unemployed 128 120 131 391 131 858 132 014 158 303 160 232 153 921 160 165 205 591 221 768 201 478
Economically inactive, of which: 1 264 356 1 284 421 1 277 232 1 285 559 1 264 448 1 240 699 1 247 937 1 249 115 1 247 140 1 217 216 1 210 052
   – on child care leave 235 880 236 562 237 460 224 812 217 049 200 621 200 013 209 498 206 252 189 441 192 197
   – student 714 704 735 781 730 339 738 777 744 228 810 003 830 657 818 725 813 989 813 932 793 638
   – pensioner 28 714 31 514 32 356 33 412 29 665 22 241 29 332 24 613 24 187 25 369 22 506
   – other inactive 285 058 280 563 277 078 288 558 273 507 207 834 187 935 196 279 202 712 188 474 201 710
Italy Employed 8 306 258 8 260 318 7 906 513 7 672 082 7 450 333 7 394 217 7 236 918 7 109 753 6 624 295 6 256 141 6 056 486
Unemployed 1 269 536 1 160 866 1 247 852 1 211 503 1 163 370 1 015 569 900 354 945 006 1 074 700 1 158 862 1 127 709
Economically inactive, of which: 5 770 090 5 594 470 5 624 431 5 847 863 6 001 563 5 985 056 6 106 869 6 051 337 6 247 495 6 314 893 6 352 267
   – on child care leave i i i 843 108 860 966 828 873 825 494 822 212 818 739 814 925 796 085
   – student i i i 3 756 229 3 910 488 3 970 790 4 051 813 4 028 493 4 131 404 4 156 279 4 172 129
   – pensioner i i i 1 369 1 050 1 229 1 298 629 1 666 1 349 1 034
   – other inactive i i i 1 247 157 1 229 059 1 184 164 1 228 264 1 200 003 1 295 686 1 342 340 1 383 019
Romania Employed 3 913 878 3 732 648 3 558 310 3 526 180 3 381 957 3 342 834 3 312 785 3 290 246 3 224 268 3 177 745 3 114 509
Unemployed 455 027 543 023 423 344 494 159 416 681 425 317 371 791 331 435 381 289 412 881 418 639
Economically inactive, of which: 2 595 583 2 789 155 2 964 121 2 847 932 3 023 898 2 972 822 2 974 641 2 954 174 2 876 592 2 757 551 2 677 101
   – on maternity leave iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
   – student 1 760 655 1 805 893 1 954 401 1 775 182 1 946 985 1 990 633 2 005 718 1 998 803 1 953 015 1 986 305 1 935 221
   – pensioner 36 181 41 565 32 292 35 846 43 894 38 056 30 809 26 987 22 763 21 063 22 051
   – other inactive 798 748 941 697 977 429 1 036 904 1 033 018 944 132 938 114 928 384 900 814 750 183 719 829
Serbia Employed i i i 835 562 747 852 734 111 718 351 770 774 680 315 590 100 539 529
Unemployed i i i 367 208 389 869 363 929 294 509 236 162 246 011 282 518 312 896
Economically inactive, of which: i i i 784 789 792 203 772 953 749 528 795 091 797 300 795 680 762 468
   – on maternity leave i i i i i i i i i i i
   – student i i i 568 400 600 581 571 867 582 707 575 551 578 355 598 318 585 162
   – pensioner i i i 2 536 687 1 569 1 695 802 755 1 158 168
   – other inactive i i i 213 854 190 935 199 517 165 126 218 738 218 190 196 203 177 138
Slovakia Employed 812 209 815 250 828 817 841 609 841 678 887 455 907 770 916 482 863 795 816 550 799 620
Unemployed 289 234 264 816 239 374 236 113 208 783 170 673 139 820 126 067 163 366 194 585 188 199
Economically inactive, of which: 625 722 642 129 660 408 680 620 707 347 696 849 707 258 712 444 714 739 712 112 698 402
   – on maternity leave 102 506 98 514 94 086 99 031 96 597 97 798 80 916 79 483 75 219 73 071 77 012
   – student 398 922 423 594 454 737 459 107 477 210 476 396 471 187 487 486 496 890 494 364 479 759
   – pensioner 20 093 20 088 18 292 20 638 24 801 19 881 25 473 29 845 27 500 30 305 24 286
   – other inactive 104 201 99 933 93 293 101 844 108 739 102 774 129 682 115 630 115 130 114 372 117 345
Slovenia Employed 339 340 333 220 328 233 347 920 335 731 335 867 354 392 358 964 337 963 331 648 316 622
Unemployed 34 614 34 650 36 985 36 653 36 120 35 169 28 430 25 478 35 576 41 715 42 518
Economically inactive, of which: 203 417 207 692 209 984 188 595 184 472 183 749 175 196 170 563 174 332 172 682 172 327
   – on maternity leave 11 584 9 993 9 349 11 124 14 071 14 247 14 572 15 308 16 449 13 836 12 328
   – student 167 129 176 977 183 607 163 229 144 833 143 157 135 428 132 441 131 731 135 290 147 428
   – pensioner iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – other inactive 35 192 28 865 24 449 23 281 38 395 39 295 38 093 36 934 41 719 36 490 24 174
35–64
Austria Employed iv iv iv 2 310 800 2 379 200 2 463 400 2 528 200 2 570 300 2 569 100 2 606 200 2 627 400
Unemployed iv iv iv 93 400 96 200 95 700 89 300 74 700 95 400 84 800 86 700
Economically inactive, of which: iv iv iv 1 017 900 968 800 904 600 864 600 858 700 853 000 847 000 857 600
   – on maternity leave iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
   – student iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
   – pensioner iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
   – other inactive iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
Bulgaria Employed 1 772 600 1 801 800 1 857 000 1 944 400 2 003 600 2 106 400 2 228 200 2 306 400 2 273 800 2 182 900 2 142 100
Unemployed 352 900 311 000 241 200 218 100 187 600 172 500 142 300 115 800 139 300 203 700 216 400
Economically inactive, of which: 1 076 100 1 057 900 1 064 500 1 036 100 1 013 300 920 600 850 700 805 400 820 000 849 800 859 100
   – on maternity leave iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – student iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – pensioner iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – other inactive iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
Hungary Employed 2 346 626 2 367 044 2 430 330 2 449 525 2 470 380 2 484 370 2 495 972 2 479 478 2 458 583 2 502 590 2 538 059
Unemployed 105 711 107 081 112 404 120 462 144 781 156 195 157 787 168 605 214 727 252 772 266 137
Economically inactive, of which: 1 503 334 1 476 476 1 417 544 1 413 603 1 368 532 1 352 612 1 343 041 1 367 173 1 352 266 1 327 414 1 313 590
   – on child care leave 50 754 50 365 49 445 57 959 61 752 58 818 67 521 70 647 72 728 78 078 88 699
   – student iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – pensioner 1 174 459 1 149 666 1 105 520 1 089 423 1 046 290 1 045 179 1 031 548 1 042 338 1 003 217 972 830 920 177
   – other inactive 277 283 276 148 262 045 265 143 259 971 247 760 242 078 253 257 275 658 275 821 303 923
Italy Employed 13 294 076 13 611 283 14 052 300 14 387 565 14 764 112 15 224 281 15 609 285 15 900 791 16 025 806 16 240 340 16 526 190
Unemployed 894 443 884 009 795 175 742 763 720 932 652 791 603 142 740 599 866 196 939 006 975 922
Economically inactive, of which: 8 614 870 8 559 934 8 532 805 8 541 557 8 545 700 8 453 858 8 488 989 8 434 274 8 567 606 8 636 514 8 619 932
   – on child care leave i i i 4 366 488 4 322 759 4 247 039 4 227 217 4 125 795 4 185 040 4 144 085 4 145 325
   – student i i i 30 434 37 782 33 758 36 366 33 409 33 024 32 038 39 841
   – pensioner i i i 2 802 751 2 821 347 2 780 215 2 740 783 2 754 132 2 711 740 2 673 373 2 588 483
   – other inactive i i i 1 341 884 1 363 812 1 392 846 1 484 623 1 520 938 1 637 802 1 787 018 1 846 283
Romania Employed 5 460 476 4 938 242 5 111 074 5 163 190 5 301 295 5 516 844 5 529 682 5 591 966 5 580 393 5 644 263 5 635 470
Unemployed 256 272 302 100 268 068 304 398 287 560 302 558 268 455 243 719 299 207 311 779 311 378
Economically inactive, of which: 2 221 435 2 645 989 2 675 625 2 682 298 2 641 826 2 496 899 2 588 931 2 630 742 2 666 422 2 695 174 2 810 378
   – on maternity leave iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
   – student iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – pensioner 1 560 411 1 858 498 1 809 777 1 806 331 1 765 589 1 606 544 1 675 710 1 707 830 1 736 118 1 793 629 1 826 999
   – other inactive 660 108 786 235 864 689 874 388 874 570 888 561 911 433 921 135 928 541 900 788 982 110
Serbia Employed i i i 1 900 415 1 826 288 1 782 683 1 807 220 1 878 552 1 788 373 1 683 373 1 627 127
Unemployed i i i 296 794 328 904 327 948 289 707 208 805 255 913 285 364 357 072
Economically inactive, of which: i i i 936 734 962 909 1 067 123 1 048 913 1 046 741 1 131 471 1 181 945 1 176 904
   – on maternity leave i i i i i i i i i i i
   – student i i i 1 887 1 647 1 157 2 668 1 425 658 2 292 2 564
   – pensioner i i i 465 165 491 424 556 740 569 595 526 742 558 064 576 968 595 939
   – other inactive i i i 469 682 469 837 509 226 476 650 518 573 572 749 602 686 578 401
Slovakia Employed 1 305 778 1 306 477 1 328 519 1 321 081 1 366 282 1 406 758 1 442 297 1 506 922 1 492 792 1 490 648 1 539 712
Unemployed 218 098 221 282 219 407 243 994 217 836 182 610 151 822 131 221 159 714 193 989 179 400
Economically inactive, of which: 518 868 505 192 495 120 525 344 514 178 530 370 525 044 506 513 526 282 526 556 543 452
   – on maternity leave 10 344 10 706 12 664 17 908 16 729 17 425 11 902 12 249 15 317 15 339 19 843
   – student (66) (366) (42) (0) (104) (112) (226) (391) (277) (226) (64)
   – pensioner 472 676 449 056 435 888 457 019 468 472 483 869 480 104 459 610 469 138 467 535 478 840
   – other inactive 35 782 45 064 46 526 50 417 28 873 28 964 32 812 34 263 41 550 43 456 44 705
Slovenia Employed 553 855 555 561 550 574 569 450 589 117 600 809 602 604 616 242 616 817 609 867 598 308
Unemployed 27 841 27 015 27 499 27 042 30 404 26 104 22 053 20 465 25 790 33 943 41 107
Economically inactive, of which: 239 296 243 178 251 580 235 405 226 127 225 397 229 436 230 411 223 394 232 504 249 717
   – on maternity leave iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – student iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – pensioner 160 830 190 080 195 492 180 663 167 937 171 151 179 490 180 288 167 461 174 699 193 115
   – other inactive 77 931 52 705 55 611 53 325 57 312 53 153 48 830 49 654 55 166 57 117 55 878
65 and above
Austria Employed iv iv iv 27 500 38 100 46 800 64 600 70 100 75 200 75 300 74 100
Unemployed iv iv iv 100 400 200 300 200 300 200 400
Economically inactive, of which: iv iv iv 1 212 200 1 238 200 1 272 500 1 289 200 1 305 500 1 322 600 1 339 500 1 344 200
   – on maternity leave iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
   – student iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
   – pensioner iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
   – other inactive iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
Bulgaria Employed 32 200 32 700 49 700 45 800 34 800 38 200 43 900 54 500 48 800 42 400 41 300
Unemployed iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
Economically inactive, of which: 1 328 000 1 318 500 1 318 900 1 328 400 1 356 000 1 382 000 1 397 700 1 391 700 1 413 100 1 446 800 1 460 000
   – on maternity leave iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – student iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – pensioner iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – other inactive iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
Hungary Employed 18 472 20 186 24 666 25 717 22 853 24 007 29 224 30 282 30 603 31 135 32 964
Unemployed iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
Economically inactive, of which: 902 300 891 865 883 748 868 728 884 139 881 621 890 283 885 325 887 736 885 813 872 208
   – on child care leave iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – student iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – pensioner 838 708 837 566 837 681 828 639 851 606 849 523 859 193 857 241 863 129 864 035 851 650
   – other inactive 63 593 54 299 46 067 40 089 32 533 32 099 31 090 28 084 24 607 21 779 20 557
Italy Employed 364 604 368 950 330 442 344 783 348 385 369 718 375 634 394 145 374 891 375 849 384 567
Unemployed 9 276 12 817 7 458 6 127 4 263 5 052 2 544 6 307 3 992 4 520 4 150
Economically inactive, of which: 9 918 073 10 087 879 10 377 335 10 584 222 10 863 462 11 062 492 11 229 020 11 373 886 11 529 654 11 645 079 11 772 656
   – on child care leave i i i i i i i i i i i
   – student i i i i i i i i i i i
   – pensioner i i i i i i i i i i i
   – other inactive i i i i i i i i i i i
Romania Employed 1 065 428 563 288 553 124 468 248 463 320 453 589 510 859 486 909 438 797 417 382 387 756
Unemployed iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
Economically inactive, of which: 1 926 593 2 481 409 2 530 560 2 671 733 2 719 672 2 738 995 2 690 087 2 714 590 2 762 309 2 782 771 2 802 587
   – on maternity leave iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv iv
   – student iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – pensioner 1 832 990 2 348 228 2 404 948 2 537 048 2 593 860 2 619 375 2 591 851 2 625 171 2 681 200 2 697 397 2 720 483
   – other inactive 93 603 133 076 125 612 134 685 125 812 119 620 98 236 89 419 81 109 85 374 82 104
Serbia Employed i i i 194 869 159 273 113 897 130 166 172 398 147 749 122 771 86 553
Unemployed i i i 1 434 1 108 1 148 1 256 416 1 058 840 1 175
Economically inactive, of which: i i i 1 167 455 1 247 596 1 348 508 1 316 982 1 241 389 1 302 138 1 375 295 1 433 837
   – on maternity leave i i i i i i i i i i i
   – student i i i i i i i i i i i
   – pensioner i i i 853 045 938 719 1 036 241 1 028 961 976 174 1 023 931 1 114 027 1 205 191
   – other inactive i i i 314 410 308 877 312 267 288 021 265 216 278 207 261 268 228 646
Slovakia Employed 4 978 4 975 6 411 6 782 7 622 6 590 6 535 9 503 8 939 9 259 11 639
Unemployed (648) (788) (387) (637) (822) (111) (206) (171) (126) (281) (302)
Economically inactive, of which: 376 222 377 025 376 944 365 114 363 313 365 577 366 180 367 110 371 027 377 167 384 261
   – on maternity leave iii iii iii '(152'( '(38'( iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – student iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – pensioner 374 799 375 686 376 404 364 197 362 858 365 577 366 023 367 008 371 027 377 167 384 261
   – other inactive (1423) (1339) (540) (765) (417) iii (157) (102) iii iii iii
Slovenia Employed 18 390 16 416 14 935 20 871 19 867 18 829 21 172 16 038 18 722 18 956 15 964
Unemployed iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
Economically inactive, of which: 160 965 163 363 167 578 167 491 169 231 168 260 168 410 175 133 175 194 169 549 170 179
   – on maternity leave iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – student iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii iii
   – pensioner 118 561 153 975 161 005 161 464 152 308 150 885 156 198 166 431 163 558 157 465 162 901
   – other inactive 42 404 9 388 6 574 6 027 16 923 17 376 12 211 8 703 11 635 12 085 7 278

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